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Land, Water, and Sky for Grades 3-5

An Inquiry Approach

British Columbia Edition

Edited by Jennifer E. Lawson
Series: Hands-On Science for British Columbia
Imprint: Portage & Main Press

Categories: Education, Science & Technology, Elementary
Softcover, coil bound : 9781553798804, 168 pages, March 2022
Ebook (PDF) : 9781553799658, 170 pages, December 2022

Table of contents


Introduction to Hands-On Science

  • About Hands-On Science
  • Format of Hands-On Science
  • The Multi-Age Approach
  • Inquiry and Science
  • The Goals of Science Education in British Columbia
  • Hands-On Science Principles
  • Cultural Connections
  • Indigenous Perspectives and Knowledge
  • References

How to Use Hands-On Science in Your Classroom

  • Multi-Age Teaching and Learning
  • Module Overview
  • Talking Circles
  • Multiple Intelligences Learning Centres
  • Icons
  • Makerspaces
  • References

Curricular Competencies: How to Infuse Scientific Inquiry Skills and Processes Into Lessons

  • Observing
  • Questioning
  • Exploring
  • Classifying
  • Measuring
  • Communicating, Analyzing, and Interpreting
  • Predicting
  • Inferring
  • Inquiry Through Investigation and Experimentation
  • Inquiry Through Research
  • Addressing Students’ Literacy Needs
  • Online Considerations
  • References

The Hands-On Science Assessment Plan

  • Student Self-Assessment
  • Formative Assessment
  • Summative Assessment
  • Indigenous Perspectives on Assessment
  • Connecting Assessment to Curricular Competencies
  • Module Assessment Summary
  • Important Note to Teachers
  • References
  • Assessment Reproducibles

What Are the Features of the Land, Water, and Sky?

  • About This Module
  • Curriculum Learning Framework: What We Know and Understand
  • Curricular Competencies Correlation Chart: What We Do
  • Resources for Students
  1. Initiating Event: What Do We Observe, Think, and Wonder About the Earth?
  2. What Can We Learn About the Earth Through Stories?
  3. What Do We Know About the Earth?
  4. What Is the Land Like in British Columbia?
  5. How Does Water Affect the Land?
  6. What Are the Effects of Wind and Ice on the Landscape?
  7. Why Do We Have a Day/Night Cycle?
  8. Why Do We Have a Year Cycle?
  9. What Are the Phases of the Moon?
  10. What Is an Eclipse?
  11. What Do We Know About Rocks and Minerals?
  12. How Can We Compare and Classify Rocks and Minerals?
  13. How Are Different Types of Rock Formed?
  14. What Are Some Uses for Rocks and Minerals?
  15. Inquiry Project: How Can We Care for the Earth’s Resources?

Appendix: Image Banks

About the Contributors


Land, Water, and Sky from Hands-On Science: An Inquiry Approach completely aligns with BC’s New Curriculum for science. Grounded in the Know-Do-Understand model, First Peoples knowledge and perspectives, and student-driven scientific inquiry, this custom-written resource:

  • emphasizes Core Competencies, so students engage in deeper and lifelong learning
  • develops Curricular Competencies as students explore science through hands-on activities
  • fosters a deep understanding of the Big Ideas in science

Using proven Hands-On features, Land, Water, and Sky contains information and materials for both teachers and students including: Curricular Competencies correlation charts; background information on the science topics; complete, easy-to-follow lesson plans; reproducible student materials; and materials lists.

Innovative new elements have been developed specifically for the new curriculum:

  • a multi-age approach
  • a five-part instructional process—Engage, Explore, Expand, Embed, Enhance
  • an emphasis on technology, sustainability, and personalized learning
  • a fully developed assessment plan for summative, formative, and student self-assessment
  • a focus on real-life Applied Design, Skills, and Technologies
  • learning centres that focus on multiple intelligences and universal design for learning (UDL)
  • place-based learning activities, Makerspace centres, and Loose Parts

In Land, Water, and Sky students investigate characteristics of the land, water, and sky. Core Competencies and Curricular Competencies will be addressed while students explore the following Big Ideas:

  • Daily and seasonal changes affect all living things.
  • Observable patterns and cycles occur in the local sky and landscape.
  • Water is essential to all living things, and it cycles through the environment.

Other Hands-On Science books for grades 3–5

Properties of Matter
Properties of Energy
Living Things