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Hands-On Science and Technology for Ontario, Grade 6

An Inquiry Approach With STEM Skills and Connections

New Edition, Updated & Revised

Expected to ship: 2025-10-21

Table of contents

Introduction to Hands-On Science and Technology for Ontario, Grade 6 1

  • Introduction to Hands-On Science and Technology 2
  • Program Introduction 2
  • The Inquiry Approach to Science and Technology 2
  • 21st Century Teaching and Learning 3
  • The Goals of the Science and Technology Program 3
  • Hands-On Science and Technology Strands and Expectations 4
  • Hands-On Science and Technology Fundamental Concepts and Big Ideas 4
  • Hands-On Science and Technology Program Principles 5
  • Infusing Indigenous Perspectives 5
  • Cultural Connections 7
  • Land-Based Learning 7
  • Technology 7
  • Sustainability 7
  • Program Implementation 8
  • Program Resources 8
  • Classroom Environment 11
  • Planning Units—Timelines 12
  • Classroom Management 12
  • Classroom Safety 12
  • Scientific Inquiry Skills: Guidelines for Teachers 12
  • Observing 12
  • Questioning 13
  • Exploring 13
  • Classifying 13
  • Measuring 14
  • Communicating, Analyzing, and Interpreting 14
  • Predicting 16
  • Inferring 17
  • Inquiry Through Investigation and Experiments 17
  • Inquiry Through Research 17
  • Online Considerations 18
  • Addressing Students’ Literacy Needs 18
  • Technological Problem Solving 19
  • Makerspace 19

The Hands-On Science and Technology Assessment Plan 22

  • Assessment for Learning 23
  • Assessment as Learning 23
  • Assessment of Learning 24
  • Performance Assessment 25
  • Portfolios 25
  • Evidence of Student Achievement Levels for Evaluation 26
  • Important Note to Teachers 26
  • References 27
  • Assessment Reproducibles 28
  • Achievement Chart for Science & Technology 43

Unit 1: Biodiversity 45

  • Introduction 46
  • Unit Overview 50
  • Curriculum Correlation 51
  • Resources for Students 52
    • 1 What Do We Know About the Diversity of Living Things? 55
    • 2 How Can We Show Classification Systems in Different Ways? 60
    • 3 How Is the Animal Kingdom Organized? 65
    • 4 How Can We Compare and Contrast Animals? 71.
    • 5 What Can We Learn by Investigating an Arthropod Colony? 78
    • 6 What Are Characteristics of Organisms in the Plant Kingdom? 84
    • 7 How Do Living Things Adapt to Survive in Their Environment? 88
    • 8 What Can We Learn About Organisms Through a Pond Study? 92
    • 9 What Are Bacteria? 99
    • 10 What Is a Fungus? 103
    • 11 What Are Some Benefits and Issues Related to Biodiversity? 107
    • 12 Inquiry Project: How Can I Use Technological Problem-Solving Skills to Explore the Diversity of Living Things? 112

Unit 2: Flight 115

  • Introduction 116
  • Unit Overview 119
  • Curriculum Correlation 120
  • Resources for Students 121
    • 1 How Do Organisms and Other Objects Move Through Air? 124
    • 2 What Are the Properties of Air? 130
    • 3 What Are the Features of Lighter-Than-Air Flying Devices? 138
    • 4 What Is Bernoulli’s Principle? 144
    • 5 How Is Bernoulli’s Principle Used in the Design of Airplane Wings? 150
    • 6 What Are the Forces Affecting Flight? 155
    • 7 How Are Unbalanced Forces Used to Steer Flying Devices? 163
    • 8 How Is Pneumatic Power Used in Flight? 169
    • 9 How Can We Design and Construct Model Aircraft to Meet Certain Criteria? 173
    • 10 Inquiry Project: What Is the Environmental Impact of Aviation Technology? 177

Unit 3: Electricity and Electrical Devices 181

  • Introduction 182
  • Unit Overview 185
  • Curriculum Correlation 186
  • Resources for Students 187
    • 1 What Do We Know About Electricity? 190
    • 2 What Is Static Electricity? 194
    • 3 What Is Current Electricity? 201
    • 4 How Do We Get Electricity From Chemical Sources? 205
    • 5 How Do Electric Circuits Work? 211
    • 6 What Are Electrical Conductors and Insulators? 215
    • 7 How Do Electrical Switches Work? 219
    • 8 What Do We Know About Parallel and Series Circuits? 222
    • 9 How Can We Design and Construct an Electrical Device to Perform a Useful Function? 228
    • 10 How Can We Construct an Electromagnet? 231
    • 11 How Do Motors and Generators Transform Energy? 235
    • 12 What Is the Environmental Impact of Using Electricity? 241
    • 13 How Can We Reduce the Environmental Impact of Using Electricity? 247
    • 14 Inquiry Project: What More Do I Want to Know About Electricity? 253

Unit 4: Space 257

  • Introduction 258
  • Unit Overview 262
  • Curriculum Correlation 263
  • Resources for Students 264
    • 1 What Do We Know About Space? 268
    • 2 What Are the Features of Our Solar System? 272
    • 3 What Are the Characteristics of the Planets in Our Solar System? 277
    • 4 What Are the Characteristics of the Sun? 283
    • 5 Why Do We Have a Day/Night Cycle? 287
    • 6 Why Do We Have a Year Cycle? 291
    • 7 How Can We Use the Sun to Tell Time? 295
    • 8 What Is the Surface of the Moon Like? 299
    • 9 What Are Gravity, Mass, and Weight? 303
    • 10 What Are the Phases of the Moon? 308
    • 11 What Is a Lunar Eclipse? 312
    • 12 What Are Constellations? 315
    • 13 What Can We Learn About Space Exploration? 319
    • 14 How Have Canadians Contributed to Space Science and Technology? 323
    • 15 How Has Space Exploration Contributed to Daily Life on Earth? 327
    • 16 What Are the Advantages and Disadvantages of Space Exploration? 331
    • 17 Inquiry Project: What More Do I Want to Know About Space? 335
  • References 339

Appendix: Image Banks 341

About the Contributors 352

Teach coding with confidence in grade 6 using lesson plans custom-written for Ontario's science and technology (2022) curriculum.

Description

Hands-On Science and Technology for Ontario, Grade 6 is an easy-to-use resource for teaching the five strands of the Ontario science and technology (2022) curriculum:

  • STEM Skills and Connections
  • Life Systems: Biodiversity
  • Matter and Energy: Electricity and Electrical Devices
  • Structures and Mechanisms: Flight
  • Earth and Space Systems: Space

Hands-On Science and Technology for Ontario, Grade 6 encourages students’ natural curiosity about science and the world around them as they participate in hands-on activities and explore their environment. Using the inquiry approach, this comprehensive resource

  • fosters students’ understanding of STEM (science, technology, engineering, and mathematics) skills
  • makes coding and emerging technologies approachable for both teachers and students
  • emphasizes personalized learning using a four-part instructional process: activate, action, consolidate and debrief, enhance
  • relates science and technology to sustainability and our changing world, including society, the economy, and the environment
  • focuses on practical applications of the engineering design process as students work on solutions to real-life problems
  • builds understanding of Indigenous knowledge and perspectives specific to Ontario
  • explores contributions to science and technology by people with diverse lived experiences

Using proven Hands-On features, this book provides resources for both teachers and students including background information on the science topics; complete, easy-to-follow lesson plans; materials lists; and digital image banks and reproducibles (find download instructions in the Appendix of the book).

Innovative elements developed specifically for the Ontario curriculum include the following:

  • plugged and unplugged coding activities in nearly every lesson
  • land-based learning activities
  • opportunities for students to use guided research, hands-on inquiry, and the engineering design process
  • a fully developed assessment plan to guide assessment for, as, and of learning
  • ideas and prompts for STEM Makerspace projects